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The System of Education in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. History, tendencies, problems, achievments.

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  • Добавлена 10.08.2011
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Historical view on British education
Education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland
Peculiar features of the educational system in Scotland
The requirements to become a teacher in the UK
The Key Stages in British Education:
Key stages in Northern Ireland:
Types of Higher Education Qualifications in the UK.
Фрагмент для ознакомления

) a set of qualifications, generally taken by secondary school students at age of 14–16 in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland (in Scotland, the equivalent is the Standard Grade).
A-level - an Advanced level qualification used internationally as pre-university requirement. This exam is normally taken after two years of A-level study and is available in a broad range of subjects covering the whole curriculum.
Comprehensive Schools - secondary non-selective schools which took all the children in the local area regardless of ability or aptitude and educate them collectively.
Grammar Schools - Grammar schools select all or almost all of their pupils by reference to high academic ability.
State Schools - also known as publicly funded schools and attended by over 90 per cent of pupils in the country. Parents do not pay fees for the education of their children.
Voluntary Schools - schools in England and Wales which are provided by voluntary bodies, mainly churches or church-related organisations.
Nursery Schools or Classes - education provided for under-fives during school hours. This can be part-time, private or funded by the local education authority. Nursery classes in state primary schools take children from the age of three or four and are open during school term time.
British Education System.

Types of Higher Education Qualifications in the UK.
Qualification offered Details First Degree Courses in Arts and Sciences (Bachelor's degree) normally of three or four years' duration, they are largely taught courses, sometimes including the preparation of a short written thesis. Sandwich Courses the coursework is accompanied by practical work. A student could either complete 2 years of college, then a year of commercial training before returning for a final year in college. Or, he/she could do a 4-year course with 3-6 months’ training interspersed each year. The main advantage is that the student gets real experience while in the learning mode. Higher National Diploma (HND) awarded by Vocational and Technical Educational Councils - a 2-year course in a vocational subject like scientific and technical business subjects. Great emphasis is placed on work experience. Vocational Courses an opportunity to enter the university system slowly. Business and Technology Education Council (BTEC), General Vocational Qualifications (GNVQ), General Scottish Vocational Qualifications (GSVQ) offer recognized courses in a range of disciplines. Postgraduate may take the form of an independent piece of research under supervision or a taught course, and leads to a variety of degrees and awards. The taught courses normally last for one or sometimes two years. Completion of a doctorate normally takes a minimum of three years. Many post-experience courses are also available, either leading to a qualification or providing a refresher course for graduates wishing to update or extend their knowledge.


Printed materials:
1. McDowall David, Britain in close-up. Longman 2003
2.Гурьева Ю. Ф. Глубоки корни... М.Титул-2004 Guryeva Yu. F. Deep are the Roots...
3.Farrel Mark, British Life and Institutions М.Титул.-2000
4.Томахин Г.Д.Cities and Countries, М.: Просвещение, 1999
Internet Websites:
1.http://www.britishcouncil.org/ - date of reference: May 08, 2011

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